Culture

Oscar Niemeyer in 6 major works

Oscar Niemeyer (1907-2012) is perhaps the best known 20th century architect in the world along with Le Corbusier Corbusier. Father of Brazilian modernism, he gained international recognition international fame with the project to build a new capital for Brazil, Brasilia Brasilia, which was inaugurated with great fanfare in 1960. Heir to the pioneers of modern of modern architecture and subsequently of the international style, Niemeyer develop his own architectural language. Active until the end of his life, his last major his last great achievement, the Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre Niemeyer International Cultural Centre opened one year before his death, in 2011. Focus on 6 major works that define his style, a “tropicalising” modernism.

Centre culturel international Oscar Niemeyer à Avilès, Espagne. Oscar Niemeyer signe l’architecture de cet ensemble singulier qu’il considère comme une de ses réalisations majeures en Europe.
Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre in Avilès, Spain. Oscar Niemeyer designed the architecture of this unique complex, which he considered to be one of his major achievements in Europe.
ideomagazine
Centre culturel international Oscar Niemeyer à Avilès, Espagne.
Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre in Avilès, Spain.
reddit
Centre culturel international Oscar Niemeyer à Avilès, Espagne, vue aérienne.
Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre in Avilès, Spain, aerial view.
buildmarvel

Oscar Niemeyer was born in 1907 in Rio de Janeiro. As a child, he worked in the family printing shop, his father being a graphic father was a graphic designer. In 1929, he entered the School of Fine Arts in Rio and graduated in 1934 with a degree in architecture in 1934 with a degree in architecture. He began by working for free for the renowned architect Lucio Costa (1902-1998), conscious of to confront his ideas with the best of what was being done at the time

Good luck! Lucio Costa will allow Niemeyer to make his first steps on very ambitious projects ambitious projects. Thus, in 1936, Niemeyer worked with Lucio Costa on the the project for the Ministry of Education and Public Health in Rio; with, excuse the pun, Le Corbusier as a consultant!

 Ministère de l'Education Nationale et de la Santé, Rio de Janeiro, Brésil.  La construction du bâtiment a débuté en 1939 pour se terminer en 1943. Un bâtiment brut et massif qui épouse les idées de l’architecture moderne.
Ministry of Education and Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Construction of the building began in 1939 and was completed in 1943. A raw and massive building that embraces the ideas of modern architecture.
FLC/ADAGP

Lucio Costa launched Niemeyer’s career. The 1930s were marked in architecture by the development of the International Style. Walter Gropius (1883-1969) and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969), respectively founder and last Director of the Bauhaus SchoolIn the United States, Walter Gropius (1883-1969) and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969), the founder and last director of the architect’s office, successfully exported to the United States their concept of modern architecture, which was marked by a high degree of minimalism, a rejection of ornament and the adoption of glass, steel and concrete as basic materials. Oscar Niemeyer was very attracted to the modern architecture advocated by Le Corbusier, whose theories were quite similar to those of Gropius and Mies van der Rohe.

If the ideas of modern if the ideas of modern architecture appeal to Oscar Niemeyer, in 1943 he produced his first his first major achievement, which bore the seeds of his architectural signature. The Church of Church of St. Francis of Assisi in Belo Horizonte, commonly called in Portuguese “Igreja de Pampulha” is one of the first buildings of modern style in Brazil

Eglise Saint-François d’Assise de Belo Horizonte, état du Minas Gerais. Architecte : Oscar Niemeyer. On reconnaît les fondements du style international : l’emploi du béton brut pour une allure massive sans fioritures. Mais déjà Niemeyer montre un certain goût pour les formes arrondies. La coque de l’église est en béton armé.
Church of St. Francis of Assisi in Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais. Architect: Oscar Niemeyer. The foundations of the international style are recognisable: the use of raw concrete for a massive, unadorned appearance. But Niemeyer already showed a certain taste for rounded forms. The shell of the church is made of reinforced concrete.
Prandrade
Eglise Saint-François d’Assise de Belo Horizonte. Architecte : Oscar Niemeyer. Arrière de l’église. Pour ce projet, Niemeyer teste les nouvelles possibilités du béton armé pour réaliser comme ici des demi-cercles, sorte de vagues.
Saint Francis of Assisi Church in Belo Horizonte. Architect: Oscar Niemeyer. Back of the church. For this project, Niemeyer tested the new possibilities of reinforced concrete to create, as here, semi-circles, a kind of wave
yannn.eklablog
Eglise Saint-François d’Assise de Belo Horizonte, vue de nuit. Architecte : Oscar Niemeyer. Pour sa grande modernité, le bâtiment religieux provoque la polémique à l’époque. Il faudra attendre 1959 pour son inauguration !
Saint Francis of Assisi Church in Belo Horizonte, night view. Architect: Oscar Niemeyer. For its great modernity, the religious building provoked controversy at the time. It was not inaugurated until 1959!
lumieresdelaville

In 1953, Niemeyer had a residence built for his family in Canoas in Barra de Tijuca, a suburb of Rio de Janeiro. A personal project, it reveals Niemeyer’s taste for the simplicity of curves and the purity of lines. Niemeyer broke away from the rigid and functional style of Le Corbusier. The building is a fusion of organic architecture – Frank Lloyd Wright comes to mind – and minimalist architecture

Maison à Canoas, architecture signée Oscar Niemeyer, 1953.
House in Canoas, architecture by Oscar Niemeyer, 1953.
nelsonkon
Maison à Canoas, architecture signée Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. La maison s’intègre à la nature environnante et rappelle les habitations conçues en harmonie avec la nature de l’architecte américain Frank Lloyd Wright. Le design voulu par Niemeyer crée une grande proximité entre l’homme, sa maison et la nature qui l’entoure.
House in Canoas, architecture by Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. The house is integrated into the surrounding nature and recalls the houses designed in harmony with nature by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Niemeyer’s design creates a close relationship between man, his house and the surrounding nature.
nelsonkon
Maison à Canoas, architecture signée Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. Le toit est sinueux, soutenu par des pilotis. Niemeyer aimait à dire qu’il s’inspirait dans son architecture de l'allure curviligne des montagnes de son pays et des corps de ses belles femmes.
House in Canoas, architecture by Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. The roof is sinuous, supported by stilts. Niemeyer liked to say that he was inspired in his architecture by the curvilinear shape of his country’s mountains and the bodies of its beautiful women.
nelsonkon
Maison à Canoas, architecture signée Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. Niemeyer reprend les fondements du style international : réduction des cloisons et des murs, et surtout une grande transparence des bâtiments qui invite les occupants à regarder à l’extérieur et à profiter de la nature luxuriante environnante.
House in Canoas, architecture by Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. Niemeyer’s architecture is based on the principles of the international style: fewer partitions and walls, and above all, a great transparency of the buildings that invites the occupants to look outside and enjoy the lush surrounding nature
nelsonkon
Maison à Canoas, architecture signée Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. Les formes concaves de l’architecture favorisent une fusion harmonieuse entre l'intérieur et l'extérieur de la maison. Les éléments architecturaux sont réalisés en béton armé, la marque de fabrique de Niemeyer.
House in Canoas, architecture by Oscar Niemeyer, 1953. The concave forms of the architecture promote a harmonious fusion between the interior and exterior of the house. The architectural elements are made of reinforced concrete, Niemeyer’s trademark.
nelsonkon

Then came the consecration with the pharaonic project to open up the heart of the Brazilian central plateau with the creation of a new capital, Brasilia. Juscelino Kubitschek, Governor of the state of Minas Gervais, became President of Brazil (1956-1961). He knew Niemeyer from the construction of the Igreja de Pampulha and, without hesitation, sought him out with Costa to build the symbol of modern Brazil. Lucio Costa was the chief town planner, while Oscar Niemeyer was responsible for the construction of the main public buildings. Among Niemeyer’s emblematic achievements, the Brasilia Cathedral (1959-1970) is one of the masterpieces of the Carioca master.

Cathédrale de Brasilia, architecte : Oscar Niemeyer. La structure représente 2 mains se rejoignant en direction du ciel. Si le style est moderne, Niemeyer se démarque du style international avec des courbes inspirées des sculptures de Jean Arp et des églises baroques du Brésil.
Brasilia Cathedral, architect: Oscar Niemeyer. The structure represents 2 hands meeting towards the sky. Although the style is modern, Niemeyer distinguishes himself from the international style with curves inspired by the sculptures of Jean Arp and the baroque churches of Brazil.
archilio
Sous le grand dôme de la Cathédrale. Les vitraux dont la surface est supérieure à celle des armatures en béton ont une forme incurvée.
Under the great dome of the Cathedral. The stained glass windows, which have a larger surface area than the concrete frames, have a curved shape.
yannn.eklablog
L’intérieur vitré de la Cathédrale est un diamant au cœur d’un écrin conçu par Niemeyer.
The glass interior of the Cathedral is a diamond in the heart of a case designed by Niemeyer.
la-croix

With the arrival in power of the dictatorship in Brazil on 31 March 1964, Oscar Niemeyer, a member of the Brazilian brazilian Communist Party, was forced to flee. He found refuge in France, where he would he found refuge in France, where he exercised his talent for two decades. Among Niemeyer’s major projects the construction of the “Volcano” (1978-1982), a huge “upside-down yoghurt pot in which the Maison de la Culture du Havre was installed in 1990, made its mark on people’s minds

Le centre culturel le Volcan, architecte : Oscar Niemeyer, inauguré en 1982 après 4 années de travaux. Fidèle à ses principes, Niemeyer utilise à plein la souplesse du béton. Son objectif : rompre avec les immeubles cubiques de la Reconstruction.
The Volcan cultural centre, architect: Oscar Niemeyer, inaugurated in 1982 after 4 years of work. True to his principles, Niemeyer made full use of the flexibility of concrete. His objective: to break with the cubic buildings of the Reconstruction.
lemonde
 Vue aérienne du Volcan qui comprend 2 salles de spectacles (« petit et grand volcan »). Comparé à une centrale nucléaire ou une cheminée de bateau, sa silhouette imaginée par l’architecte brésilien ne laisse personne indifférent !
Aerial view of the Volcano, which includes two auditoriums (“small and large volcano”). Compared to a nuclear power plant or a ship’s chimney, its silhouette imagined by the Brazilian architect leaves no one indifferent!
lemoniteur
Vue du Volcan, architecte : Oscar Niemeyer. Des formes courbes et libres chères à Oscar Niemeyer. De l’ensemble traité en béton peint en blanc émane une douceur poétique surprenante...
View of the Volcano, architect: Oscar Niemeyer. Curved and free forms dear to Oscar Niemeyer. From the whole treated in white painted concrete emanates a surprising poetic softness…
blogarchiphotos
Vue de l’intérieur de la plus petite des 2 salles, le « petit volcan », bibliothèque et médiathèque Oscar Niemeyer.
View of the interior of the smaller of the two rooms, the “little volcano”, Oscar Niemeyer library and media library.
hemis

Although Niemeyer defined himself primarily as an architect, he also designed furniture during his long career furniture. In 1978, he designed the famous Rio lounge chair with his daughter Anna Maria Niemeyer rio lounge chair. Elegant and graceful, this seat is a new praise for the curves to the curves that Niemeyer loved so much.

Chaise longue de repos Rio, design Oscar et Anna Maria Niemeyer, 1978. Le siège et le dossier constituent un seul élément assez long pour supporter les jambes de l’usager. Une recherche des lignes courbes fascinante...
Rio lounge chair, design Oscar and Anna Maria Niemeyer, 1978. The seat and backrest form a single element long enough to support the user’s legs. A fascinating research of curved lines…
Une image contenant intérieur

Description générée automatiquement
Rio lounge chair, design Oscar and Anna Maria Niemeyer, 1978. The seat is made of intertwined cane, canework is a tradition in Brazil; the cylindrical headrest is covered with black leather.

If his architectural work is associated with the international style and modern architecture, Oscar Niemeyer the rectilinear forms of his predecessors to propose a more organic and sensual international style and sensual international style. The man who says he has always loved curves because they are the very essence of nature, and who opposes the uniformity of the uniformity of repetitive systems in architecture, has created a new architectural expression, an ode to poetry and freedom of form freedom of form.

The last emblematic work of the emblematic work of the brilliant architect that we have chosen, the design of the Museum of the last emblematic work of the brilliant architect that we have chosen is the design of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Niteroi, built on the shores of the Bay of Rio between 1991 and 1996, is a masterful synthesis of Niemeyer’s expertise and style. Assisted by engineer Bruno Conrini, Niemeyer designed a revolutionary figure whose circular forms the circular shapes of which are reminiscent of a saucer. The whole thing is obviously made of raw concrete painted pure white. The visitor is invited to walk along a long curved ramp that leads to the interior of the building. A poetic work that resembles a flower a flower emerging from the cliff; Niemeyer’s futuristic testament Niemeyer’s futuristic testament.

Oscar Niemeyer, dessin pour la conception du Musée d’art contemporain Niteroi à Rio de Janeiro.
Oscar Niemeyer, design for the Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Art in Rio de Janeiro.
bubblemania
 Vue aérienne du Musée d’art contemporain Niteroi à Rio de Janeiro. L’édifice, semblable à une soucoupe volante, fait 16 mètres de haut et est posé sur une falaise qui se termine par une plage.
Aerial view of the Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Art in Rio de Janeiro. The saucer-like building is 16 metres high and sits on a cliff that ends in a beach.
bubblemania
Musée d’art contemporain Niteroi à Rio de Janeiro, architecture : Oscar Niemeyer. Vue de la rampe d’accès qui serpente pour mener à l’entrée du musée. La coupole comporte 3 niveaux. Des lignes courbes incroyables !
Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Art in Rio de Janeiro, architecture: Oscar Niemeyer. View of the access ramp that winds its way to the entrance of the museum. The dome has 3 levels. Incredible curved lines!
bubblemania
Musée d’art contemporain Niteroi à Rio de Janeiro, architecture : Oscar Niemeyer. Vue aérienne.
Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Art in Rio de Janeiro, architecture: Oscar Niemeyer. Aerial view.
bubblemania
Vue de l’intérieur du Musée d’art contemporain Niteroi, suivez les courbes...
Interior view of the Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Art, follow the curves…
horizon.tirawa

François Boutard